Central serous retinopathy (CSR) is a heterogeneous disease with different phenotypes. Multimodal imaging is one way to understand more about the pathogenesis of the disease, and can be used to guide treatment.
Retinal vein occlusions (RVOs) are a frequent cause of retinal vascular disease in patients older than 50 years.
With advances in local treatment of uveitis over the past decade, the therapeutic armamentarium has increased from depot injections with short-lasting activity to long-term treatments, said Thomas A. Albini, MD.
Compared with intravitreous ranibizumab, the decreases in the plasma-free VEGF levels were greater with intravitreous aflibercept and bevacizumab in patients with diabetic macular edema.
Most commercially available OCT and OCTA devices can provide widefield OCTA through a combination of faster speeds, tracking, and the ability to montage images. This may revolutionize clinicians’ ability to assess and quantify retinal vascular disease.
With the first ocular gene therapy approved in the United States, Szilard Kiss, MD, points out that the gene therapy era for retinal disease has arrived, “and hopefully it will arrive for age-related macular degeneration.”
Although the phase III Chroma and Spectri studies for lampalizumab (Genentech), an investigational compound for the treatment of geographic atrophy secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), failed to meet their primary endpoints, numerous lessons can be learned from the study data.
Among a subset of patients in the phase IV PALADIN study, there was improved visual acuity, improved macular thickness, and reduced treatment burden among patients treated with the intravitreal fluocinolone acetonide 0.2 µg (Iluvien implant) for DME.
The addition of dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex, Allergan) to a continuing regimen of ranibizumab (Lucentis, Genentech) did not produce results in visual acuity outcomes that differed from those achieved with ranibizumab alone at 6 months. However, there was an improvement in the central macular thickness on OCT in patients.
Using ultrasonic power to actuate a vitrectomy probe (hypersonic vitrectomy) allows for a “smooth steady flow of vitreous into a port that is oscillating at 1.7 million cycles per minute,” according to Carl C. Awh, MD.